Pinkas: Pruzany, Bereza, Maltch,Shereshov, Seltz
Table of Contents

4. Shershev:

4.1. Background

4.2. Our Home Town

4.3. The Rabbis of Shershev

4.4. Ten Years of the Yavne School in Shershev

4.5. The Jewish community

4.6. The General "Gmiles Khosodim" Fund in Shershev


Thanx to Leah Watson & Stuart Levine for the Shershev section


Any one who is able and willing to help in anyway (e.g translation, donation..) to help post the 1958 Pinkas Pruzany please contact me.

Jay Lenefsky       CPSA Coordinator



In the period of the former Polish Republic, Shershev belonged to the Volevodshaft of Brisk-Litovsk.

Jews are already mentioned being in Shershev in 1583. In agreement with the resolutions of the Lithuanian Council of the Land of Lithuanian in 1623, Shershev belongs to the Krayz ("circle") of the Brisk Galil (Area).

In 1766 there were 973 Jews in Shershev. In the census of 1847 the Jewish community of Shershev numbered 3,773 souls. In the census of 1897 Shershev had 5,079 inhabitants, of whom 2,553 were Jews. In 1910 there was a Talmud Torah in the town (From the Russian Jewish Yevreyskaya Entsiklopedia of Brokhaus-Efron, vol. 16, p. 14). In the chapter titled "The textile industry in Bialystok up to 1880", which Avrum-Shmuel Hershberg published in the second volume of Pinkes Bialystok (New York, 1950) are given, among other things, the following facts about textile factories in Shershev.

In the Krayz of Pruzhene

In the town of Shershev was a wooden building, rented from a local inhabitant, the factory of the merchant of the first guild Shaul Levin. It was set up in 1818 as a weaver’s shop with five looms. In 1828 it produced dark-green, blue and black cloth of quality higher than that used for soldiers uniforms: 190 pieces, 4,750 arshin [a measurement]; beyke [a kind of cloth] and flannel 22 pieces, 730 arshin; woolen blankets, each of them three arshin in length: 850 pieces. These wares were sold in various Russian towns. The number of workers was 41 of both sexes fray gedungene [literally freely bargained for, hired; this must refer to a labor practice]. Among them were 21 Jewish men and 12 Jewish women.

In the same town, Yosl Tukhmakher [the surname literally means "cloth-maker"] set up in 1828, in a rented house, a weaver’s shop with one loom. In 1828 it produced cloth in dark-green, blue and black of quality higher that that used for soldier’s uniforms: 8 pieces, 184 arshin; beyke, flannel: 15 pieces 525 arshin; blankets: 500. The merchandise was sold in various Russian towns. The number of workers was 16, including the pakhter [someone who rents a property], Yosl Tukhmakher himself, who was the master. All the workers were Jews, 8 men and 7 women.













| Next | | Table of Contents | General PSA |

Copyrighted. ©CPSA. 1998, 1999, 2000. All rights reserved.